Bacterial Vaginosis: Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Top 5 Effective Home Remedies.

As you may know, bacterial vaginosis is becoming one of the most common diseases infecting the female reproductive system. Therefore, recognizing the causes of bacterial vaginosis, identifying its symptoms, and knowing home remedies are extremely important. So this article aims to give you some basic information about bacterial vaginosis, how to recognize the causes and symptoms and how to treat it at home.


Bacterial Vaginosis is defined as the inflammation happening in the vagina or the mild infection of the vagina caused by bacteria. The vagina normally has both good and bad bacteria. However, when the bad bacteria outnumber the good ones then the balance between the bad and good bacteria is disturbed, this inflammation occurs.

Normally, bacterial vaginosis can go away on its own in some days. But it can lead to much more serious problems attacking the reproductive system of women. So, it is a good idea to have it treated carefully.


Experts do not know the reason for the imbalance between the bacteria in the vagina for sure. But there are still some certain factors increasing the risk of inflammation, which include having sex with different people, douching and smoking too much.

Some other experts sort out 4 different types of bacterial vaginosis with various causes of each type:

Bacterial Vaginosis: Normally the good bacteria, the latobacilli, will outnumber the anaerobes, the bad bacteria. However, when the women have multiple sex partners, or have new sex partner, or are not sexually active, the number of anaerobes will increase and exceed the number of latobacilli. Then bacterial vaginosis occurs.
Yeast Infections: This is mostly caused by the fungus C. Albicans.
Trichomoniasis: This one is caused by Trichomonas Vaginalis, an extremely tiny and one-cell parasite which is transmitted from the sexual partners with this infection.
Noninfectious Vaginitis: The toiletry products can make the vaginal tissues get allergic with the sensation of burning and itching.


Common signs and symptoms of bacterial vaginosis are:

Changes in amount, color and odor of vagina discharge
Feeling of irritation and itching
Having pain while intercourse and urination
Small spot or a little bleed from vagina

Different symptoms for each type of bacterial vaginosis are:

Bacterial Vaginosis: foul-smelling and grayish-white discharge or fish-like odor after intercourse.
Yeast Infections: itching – most commonly, discharge is thick, white and cottage-cheese-like.
Trichomoniasis: greenish yellow discharge with froths.

Home remedies:

There are numerous treatments at home for bacteria vaginosis which can help get rid of the bacteria inflammation and prevent them from coming back. Fortunately, these natural remedies for bacterial vaginosis and medical treatments are not mutually exclusive, so home remedies and medical treatments can be both used at the same time without incident. With that in mind, following are the most common, useful and easily applied home remedies for bacterial vaginosis:

a. Apple Cider Vinegar

This is an excellent home remedy for bacterial vaginosis due to its acidic property from vinegar. Using this vinegar helps restore the pH balance of the vaginal environment, and maintain the amount of good bacteria in the vagina. Moreover, it creates an enabling environment for good bacteria to thrive, which is difficult for bad bacteria to survive.

Option 1: take 2 tablespoons of vinegar into warm water. Then use the mixture to cleanse the vagina twice a day for 2 days.
Option 2: take 2 cups of vinegar into the bath water, sit in the bath water for 20 minutes. Then pat dry the vaginal area gently, do this once a day until the inflammation stops.
Option 3: take 1 or 2 tablespoons of vinegar with some honey into water and drink it twice a day.
b. Yogurt

Yogurt is one of the top home remedies for bacterial vaginosis due to its containing lactobacilli that helps fight off bad bacteria and maintain good vaginal pH balance.

Eat yogurt every day
Option 1: Dip a tampon in yogurt and put it inside the vagina for a few hours. Repeat twice a day until the symptoms disappear completely
Option 2: Dip a cotton pad in yogurt and apply it on the affected area for 30 minutes. Then wash it carefully with fresh water. Do this three times daily until the symptoms disappear completely.
c. Garlic

Garlic is essentially used to improve the immune system that helps control yeast or bacterial inflammation. Thanks to its natural antibiotic and antifungal properties, bad bacteria will be kept in check.

Add garlic into cooking every day or take garlic supplementary capsules after consulting doctors.
Option 1: mix half teaspoon of coconut and vitamin E with some drops of garlic oil. Apply this mixture directly on the affected area two times daily for 2 days.
Option 2: wrap 1 garlic clove in gauze and put it inside the vagina for 30 minutes. Do this once a day for some days.
d. Coconut oil

Another effective home remedies for bacterial vaginosis is to use coconut oil. Due to its natural antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal properties, coconut oil can be used preventatively or directly to treat bacterial vaginosis. It can kill the germs causing bacterial vaginosis and stop it from recurring.

Use as much coconut oil in cooking as possible to enhance the immune system and fasten the healing process.
Option 1: soak a tampon in coconut oil, put it inside the vagina for a few hours. Then wash it with warm water after getting the tampon out. Apply this remedy once a day for a few days.
Option 2: apply the coconut oil on the affected area three times a day until the symptoms go away.
e. Cold compress

This is one of the main home remedies for bacterial vaginosis, which show significant effect on relieving the pain, discomforts and the sensation of itching and inflammation.

Option1: wrap some ice cubes in a piece of clean cloth, place it onto the vagina for a minute, after a one-minute break, reapply it. Repeat this two times daily, use this home remedy when needed.
Option 2: cleanse the vagina with cold water two times daily.

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About the Author: Elsie Kane is a passionate contributor at Authority Remedies. She is highly appreciated by her educational background in Fitness, Health and Nutrition that has given her a broad base from which to approach many topics. Her passion is providing people with useful information in all aspects of health and nutrition for a better and healthy life.

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